Catfish have many species. They are widely different in size and lifestyle, from the heaviest species of catfish in Southeast Asia to the longest species of European catfish, or the Eurasian mainland species that eat only dead organisms in the bottom of the water.
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Introduction About Catfish
Catfish is an aquatic species widely raised in many countries worldwide and has become an essential source of seafood in the food industry, which is widely processed and consumed globally. In the United States, catfish farmers have established a professional association to spread and exchange experiences in raising catfish and protecting members’ interests in the market.
Common catfish have large and heavy skeletons, tend to be easy to fossilize, and produce relatively large auditory stones. Thus, many catfish species have been named from complete or partial skeleton fossils or from auditory stones, of which 19 genera and 72 species are valid based solely on remains fossil. The origin of catfish is probably South America. In this area, catfish have the highest diversity of species.
Species of catfish inhabit the inland or coastal waters of every continent except Antarctica, but they have probably inhabited every continent. Catfish are most diverse in tropical areas such as South America, Africa, and Asia. However, over half of all catfish species live in the Americas.
Living Characteristics Of The Species
Most catfish are benthic, meaning they are typically attached to the bottom of the sea or rivers. However, a few species are the top layer of water. The food and hunting-food behavior of catfish species also depend on. Species of the Trichomycteridae family feed on algae, fish scales, mucus, rotting corpses, or even blood. Some species can eat and digest wood. Members of the genus Amaralia (Aspredinidae family) exclusively eat eggs of Loricariidae.
Catfish’s Favorite Food
Representatives of several catfish families use pectoral fins to produce sound, including members of the Aspredinidae, Mochokidae, Doradidae, Pimelodidae, and Ictaluridae. Catfish make a sound when defending or acting as a pacifier when attacked by another one. They also make sounds when being caught or agitated.
Reproductive Characteristics Of Catfish
In catfish, egg fertilization can take place internally, externally, or even through the passage of semen through the female’s digestive tract, known as seminal insemination. Internal fertilization occurs probably in all species of the family Auchenipteridae. However, catfish vary in the degree of reproductive strategies.
In species of the Loricariidae family, parental care is relatively developed. The male guards sometimes carry or stick the eggs on the underside of the rock or in the water. Holes. In most species of the Ariidae family, males incubate their eggs in their mouths. Thus, it carries a rather large cluster of eggs in its mouth until they hatch.
How To Catch Catfish In The Sea Or Rivers
How To Fish Catfish
Usually, catfish fishing is best in the afternoon to evening because this time is quite remarkable. Catfish also often go hunting in groups, so after heavy rains, when fishing, they bring a lot of fish. Catfish bait is easy to find; you need insects such as worms, crickets, cockroaches, and bugs. The behavior of catfish is that they are very greedy, so don’t worry about that.
Catfish eat strongly, so they catch the bait very severely. When they bite the bait, they jerk very strongly, sometimes swallowing the hook, so it is best to fish with a robust and durable tongue, to be sure. Fishing lines must also be prepared firmly and use heavy lead. Catfish usually live on the bottom, so you need to drop the hook so that it is close to the bottom, where there is a lot of young mud that is easiest to bite.
You can take a look at some of the examples of the perfect fish finder.
Using Sensitive Bait To Attract Catfish
Catfish is a fish that is easily attracted by the smell of fish sauce. Therefore, people often use baked bricks to pour fish sauce on them to be absorbed into the bricks to absorb the smell. With this method, people call it fishing with “brick charms.”
How To Prepare Bait For Catfish
That brick is heated very hot. After the brick is taken out, pour the fish sauce over it. Because when the brick is hot, it is easier to absorb the fish sauce and the smell also radiates more. You can take a line to tie a brick as long as a fishing line.
Fresh bait: Catfish are very fond of natural baits, and they eat strongly. Besides, natural bait is relatively abundant and easy to find. Types of bait such as crickets, cockroaches, baby frogs, ant eggs, earthworms are all used as bait for catfish.
Above are some ways to catch catfish effectively. Hopefully, you have learned how to catch fish and have more exciting information about this fish through the article.