Salmon is a common name for many fish species that have pretty special reproductive and survival features. It can live in both environments: freshwater and saltwater. In English, they are divided into two groups: salmon and trout. Salmon is a species that lives in the sea and will come back to the river to spawn, and trout live only in freshwater. Let’s learn more about this fish below and learn how to fish trout effectively.
Table of Contents
- General Introduction About Salmon And Trout
- Classification Of Salmon And Trout
- Trout Farming Industry
- Ways Of How To Fish For Lake Trout Effectively
General Introduction About Salmon And Trout
In particular, salmon are fish upstream to breed: they were born in freshwater areas, migrate to the oceans and sea, and return to rivers to spawn. However, many species spend their whole lives in freshwater. Therefore, people believe that the fish returns to the place where they were born to lay eggs. Studies have shown that it is correct, and they can do it because of their smell memory.
There are nine commercially important two species of salmon. Atlantic salmon is found in the North Atlantic. Oncorhynchus consists of eight species found only in the wild in the North Pacific. There is also a family of Chinese salmon introduced into New Zealand. According to the group, they are called Pacific salmon. Both the Salmo and Oncorhynchus include several species known as trout.
Classification Of Salmon And Trout
The Atlantic salmon breeds in northern rivers on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Masu salmon is found in some countries in the Pacific Ocean like Japan, Korea. There are also subspecies living in the mainland known as Taiwanese salmon in central Taiwan.
Chinook salmon is also called king or black mouth salmon in the US, and spring trout in Columbia. They are the Pacific’s largest ones, often about 30 lb. They are also known to swim as far as the Mackenzie and Kugluktuk Rivers in central Canada’s arctic circle and at the Central Coast of California.
Chum salmon is known in many parts of the United States. It has the broadest range of the Pacific one, some live in Sacramento River of California. You can find most of them in some areas of Pacific Ocean like the Japanese Sea; the Mackenzie River in Canada, in some rivers of Siberia.
Coho salmon is also called silver salmon in the US. It is found on all the coast of Alaska and Columbia and central California.
Some Types Of Trout
Continental trout live in several lakes in eastern North America and Northern Europe, such as Lakes Onega, Ladoga, Saimaa, and Vänern. They are not a different species from the Atlantic salmon but have independently evolved a non-migratory life cycle. They maintain it even when being able to go to sea.
Pink trout, known as the humpback in southeastern and southwestern Alaska, is found in California and Northern Korea, throughout the Pacific Ocean from Rivers in Canada to Siberia with some short streams. It is the smallest species of Pacific salmon, with an average weight of 3.
Sockeye trout is also called red salmon in the US. This lake-raised fish is found as far south as the Klamath River in California in the eastern Pacific Ocean and north of Hokkaidō Island in Japan and the western Pacific as far as Bathurst Bay in the Canadian Arctic Circle in the west. east and the Anadyr River in Siberia to the west.
Danube trout is the most significant type of salmon that lives permanently in freshwater.
Trout Farming Industry
Introduction For Trout Farming Industry
Trout farming makes a significant contribution to farmed fish production, accounting for about US$10 billion annually. It flourishes in Chile, Norway, Scotland, Canada, and the Faroe Islands. Atlantic salmon is also farmed in tiny quantities in Russia and the island of Tasmania, Australia.
Trout are carnivores, and you should feed them with other wild fish and marine life. Salmon farming leads to high demand for wild baitfish. Salmon requires large amounts of protein and nutrients. As a result, it needs a lot of fish to raise trout. As the trout farming industry develops, it requires more wild fish for food, affecting the ability of other wild fish to reproduce and grow. The extent to which wild fish are exploited for salmon farming has affected the viability of wild carnivorous fish that also rely on those fish for food.
How People Make Trout Farming Industry
Therefore, people also think about applying different solutions to develop the trout farming industry more favorably. The first solution was to turn vegetable protein into a supplementary food source for salmon, but this solution reduced the nutrition in salmon meat, especially Omega 3.
Another way is to raise salmon eggs in hatcheries. After the eggs hatch, they will release them back into the habitat. However, there is an opinion that it will dilute the genes of wild salmon. In addition, it is feared that the industrial incubation process will affect the development genes of the trout.
So there is another way that they will find natural channels with high safety and then release salmon eggs in that area to have more natural birth conditions. As a result, it does not affect the genes of trout as well as helping them to be highly adaptable and survivable to the environment.
Ways Of How To Fish For Lake Trout Effectively
Fishing Lake Trout At The Right Time
Lake trout has unique foraging and living characteristics. The suitable time to go fishing is when the trout go hunting and look for food. They will love to hunt on cloudy days. However, because of the hot sunny days, due to the intense light that will affect the fish’s eyesight, they will not go out looking for bait.
The best time for us to go fishing is spring. Spring is when the fish usually come to the surface, so if you go fishing at this time, you will easily catch the trout. As for the time of day, remember that early morning or relaxed afternoon, especially after the rain, dawn, cool air is the best time to catch many lake trout.
Take a look at this list of best fish finder that you shouldn’t missed.
Choosing A Suitable Fishing Location
If you fish in the field, you should choose a seat right at the drain to get water from the field. Because when the water rises, the fish follow the water flowing through the drain, it will be easy to fish, right? If fishing in the river, you should sit in places with embankments, rocky banks, and bushes. Because fish often gather in places with obstacles. If you fish in the sea, you should go at night and let go of the rod in places with bottom piles and rocky reefs.
Look At The Water Surface To Guess The Amount Of Fish
The water surface is also a way to know whether the place has a lot of fish if it’s suitable for you to sit and fish. According to the experience of those who have been fishing for a long time, the water surface has ripples, always bubbling, there will be many fish, while the water surface has a shadow of a person or a fishing rod, the fish will be afraid to eat the bait. You also need to avoid sitting when the sun is shining and let the fishing rod reflect in the water.
Understanding The Living Behavior Of Fish
Trout will migrate to the sea for 1 to 4 years to mature and mate. In the next stage, when they are pregnant, they will move back to freshwater to spawn, usually in July. or August. Some species of trout will spawn from September to January. Salmon is delicious and nutritious, so people will love to catch them at this time.
Moreover, salmon after birth will not be as fresh as before they spawn. However, catching salmon at this time also needs a plan to ensure trout’s growth and development.
Coming With An Appropriate Fishing Rod
The accessories that come with the fishing rod must also be suitable for the fishing to be effective. Talking about fishing rods, you should follow some parts of a rod, including fishing hooks, fishing buoys, lead, line, and suitable bait for lake trout. Fishing is a hobby for many people, and it requires some skills that you can’t do well if you don’t know.
To go fishing effectively, you should pay attention to the details of the rod. You can use a kind of rod for fishing some different kinds of fish. However, bait can be the most crucial factor as well as your skill of fishing.
Fishing hooks: At the place that sells fishing gear, there will be many different types of large and small hooks for you to choose from. You should choose each type suitable for a type of fish, such as 3-pronged hooks, small hooks for goby, and perch. With salmon fishing, you should use the hook as small as possible because the small will hide the bait to deceive the fish, the fish will quickly bite the hook.
Fishing buoys: There are two common types of floats, foam. If anyone goes night fishing, they must have a light float at the top of the fishing rod. Depending on the type of fish, we choose to have a float or not. Fish species that eat floating bait, such as salmon, should be fished afloat.
Fishing lead: There are types such as anchor lead for sea fishing, round lead used when the water is vital, square lead, sharp lead depending on the water area, which type of lead is appropriate.
Fishing line: You should use a fishing line; for large fish, use a parachute line. Should choose a type of fishing line with a length suitable for the rod. You don’t need a long fishing line for a lake trout, and if you buy a too-long one, it can be tangled sometimes.
Bait : For quality fishing, we need to pay attention to the bait. Bait plays a vital role in successful fishing or not. Do not think that only good bait is enough, but each type of fish, each fishing spot has an entirely different bait recipe. Salmon’s favorite foods are insects and small fish.
Usually, when learning, we know that bait has two forms: natural bait and homemade bait. For example, if fishing in lakes and ponds, we should use homemade bait such as industrial food, potatoes, bananas, fishing in rivers, field fishing, sea fishing, we should use natural bait such as shrimp, worms, crickets, snails.
How To Pull A Rod
Not everyone knows how to pull a rod when fishing, so many people when the fish has bitten the hook and still lose their prey. Therefore, we should note how to pull a rod as follows:
Whenever we see the float running in any direction, we pull the rod in the opposite direction, and the hook will stick to the fish’s mouth. So whenever you see a float suddenly sinking quickly, you should not hesitate but must pull it quickly in the vertical direction. If you see the float being pulled for a short distance and then stop, if you pull the rod, it’s just good luck because the fish only takes a bite of the bait and then releases it.
Above is an article to help you have more effective trout fishing methods. Fishing is a kind of exciting hobby for you to relax after long working hours. If you get a lot of exciting information from the article, follow our daily news articles on the website to gain more experience and good fishing skills.