In daily life, using a knife to make food and cut fruit is a widespread habit. Using a knife often also makes it blunt quickly. When it is blunt, you should not throw it away or try to buy a new one. Knife sharpening is essential, and it helps you preserve your knives well and save money on buying new ones. So how to sharpen a pocket knife correctly and use it longer? Follow the article below.
Table of Contents
- Preparation For Sharpen A Pocket Knife
- What Knives Can Be Sharpened With A Whetstone?
- How To Choose The Most Suitable Whetstone
- Choices Of Whetstone Grit (The Roughness Of The Grinding Wheel)
- Read The Instructions For Using
- Practice Keeping The Knife At A 22-Degree Angle
- Soaking Whetstones In Water For 40 Minutes
- Put Whetstones On A Wet Towel
- Using Oil On The Stone
- How To Sharpen A Pocket Knife
- Some Tips For Sharpening The Pocket Knife
- Tips For Using Knives Properly To Ensure Long Lasting Sharpness
Preparation For Sharpen A Pocket Knife
What Knives Can Be Sharpened With A Whetstone?
Depending on the knife’s condition, for example, if it’s too blunt or just used a few times, choosing the appropriate type of whetstone is also necessary. However, you can’t use any whetstone for every type of knife. For example, you can test the sharpness of a knife by slicing a potato or any kind of fruit. If it’s hard to cut, it is blunt.
How To Choose The Most Suitable Whetstone
There are also billions of different types of whetstones. However, the two most common types are water-based and oil-based.
- Water-Based Whetstones mean you have to put it underwater for 40 minutes. It is preferred by many chefs, but it is easily time-worn due to soft stone, so it can be maintained with a sharpener.
- Oil-Based Whetstones, you have to put oil to make the pocket knife sharp. The best thing is rugged, durable, and hard to be time-worn, but sharpening the knife is not durable, only suitable for modern knives.
Choices Of Whetstone Grit (The Roughness Of The Grinding Wheel)
With a higher level of grit, the smoother the stone’s surface is, the sharper the knife is. However, it’s not that you need to buy a high level of grit of a whetstone. There are more things you should know about.
- Under 900 Grit:
It is used for little blunt knives. It would help if you didn’t use it for a sharp knife because it can make your knife blunter.
- From 1100 To 1300 Grit:
It would help if you used it for knives that are used only a few times. You use this type of whetstone to sharpen some kinds of knife. If the knife is too blunt, you should not use it because it is not rough enough. The more you sharpen it, the blunter it becomes.
- Above 3000 Grit
At this level, it is used to make knives sharper even more, fit for chefs in small restaurants, or when you cook dishes that do not need too sharp knives. Or homemakers who need to make sure that their knives are sharp should use a whetstone at 3000 grit.
Read The Instructions For Using
You need to follow the directions of using carefully if your whetstone is oil-based or water-based.
Practice Keeping The Knife At A 22-Degree Angle
Most pocket knives have to be kept at a 22-degree angle. You should put them on the surface of a whetstone and slightly raise about 2.5cm to get a 22-degree angle. If it is thick, a larger angle should be made.
Soaking Whetstones In Water For 40 Minutes
If you are using whetstones, you should put them in water for 40 minutes in a bowl of water and let the water cover it all. If the whetstone is too dry, it may cause some damage to the pocket knife.
Put Whetstones On A Wet Towel
Placing the whetstone on a wet towel will keep it tight and unmoved as you sharpen the knife. You can try some other kinds of fabric as well. If you use a whetstone with two sides (smooth side and rough side), leave the rough side facing up first. Then, after sharpening, you will turn over and use the smooth side to polish it later.
Using Oil On The Stone
If you are using an oil-based whetstone, you can pour oil on the whetstone, then spread it on the whetstone all over. You must try an oil designed explicitly for oil-based whetstones because they are usually made with natural oil. Also it has some ingredients to keep your blades safe and shiny. You should avoid using vegetable oil and do not immerse oil-based whetstone in water.
How To Sharpen A Pocket Knife
Step 1 : Keep The Knife At The Right Angle
You need to keep the knife at an angle of 22 degrees. Then, place your hand on it to control how to sharpen the pocket knife.
Step 2 : Sharpening The Pocket Knife
Press gently, slide the pocket knife over the surface of the whetstone about ten times, and keep doing it until the knife is sharpened against the whetstone. Then, repeat it ten more times with the other. Remember to add water or oil to keep it safe for sharpening the knife.
After you have sharpened on the rougher side of the whetstone, you use the smoother side to polish the knife. And don’t forget to sharpen the knife consistently. Finally, test the knife’s sharpness by cutting a paper; if it is sharp, it will cut the paper without effort. If not, you have to make it more times a bit more.
Step 3 : Cleaning Knives And Whetstones
After sharpening, to clean an oil-based whetstone, you may need to use a brush. As for a water-based whetstone, you may need a clean towel to remove residue. To protect your knives from tarnishing, store your knives in a knife holder.
Some Tips For Sharpening The Pocket Knife
Polishing The Pocket Knife With Toothpaste
Toothpaste is indispensable in every household. In addition to whitening teeth, it has many other unexpected uses, including polishing knives. The method is straightforward, apply toothpaste evenly on the surface of the knife, use a brush to rub it for 2 minutes. It helps keep the knife bright, shiny, and clean. Then, wipe off the toothpaste with a rag and rinse again. After brushing and polishing with toothpaste, the knife is also much sharper.
The necessary tool is a whetstone. Spray bottle and some paper clips. Next, you should spray water on the stone, then use a few paper clips to clamp it from one side (it’s not a blade), gently press it down on the whetstone, and then slide up and down to sharpen it. When sharpening, remember to flip to sharpen both sides of the blade to keep the knife sharp and shiny.
You turn the porcelain plate upside down on the table and then sharpen the knife on the rough bottom of the plate. This way helps to keep your knives sharp and shiny as if they were new from the store.
You put the knife on a cutting board, use sandpaper to sharpen the blade. In this process, you need to use muscular force to rub and make the blade sharper.
Using Another Knife
Sharpening two knives together to make both sharp. However, this technique is quite tricky, and chefs often do it this way. To sharpen a knife like this, you need to have the flexibility and agility of your hands.
Using A Knife Sharpener
A knife sharpener is the most helpful tool if you do not have much experience and technique in sharpening knives. The cost of buying is also cheap, and sharpening the knife with a knife sharpener is also straightforward. You need to put the blade into it and then pull through, pull back many times to get it sharp.
Use White Vinegar To Remove Rust
White vinegar can soften rust on the blade. In addition, the substances in white vinegar react with this rust, helping you to remove rust. Therefore, when the knife is rusty, soak it with white vinegar, ensuring it regains its cleanliness and shine.
Tips For Using Knives Properly To Ensure Long Lasting Sharpness
How To Hold A Knife Properly
When using a knife, you should keep it at an appropriate distance between fingers/palms from the blade and pay attention to prevent unwanted accidents. Hold the blade with your index finger and thumb, with the remaining fingers gripping the handle.
Do Not Use Your Palm When Cutting
Many people have the habit of placing food on the palm of their hand and cutting, which is downright dangerous. That’s how “inviting” the blade to inflict pain on you.
The Cutting Board Should Be Fixed When Cutting
Fixing the cutting board makes it easier to cut food; you will cut accurately, without deviation, and reduce the risk of cutting into your hands. If the cutting board does not have a rubber base to hold it in place, place a wet towel under the cutting board when cutting.
Curling Your Fingertips When Cutting
Curling your fingers and holding the material to be cut with the tips of your fingers is the best way to protect your nails.
Basic Types Of Cutting Vegetable
Each dish has specific requirements for the shape of the ingredients, so depending on the requirements of each dish, the Chefs will have ways to cut vegetables accordingly. Properly slicing vegetables is reflected in the proper cut and must be very regular so that the ingredients will cook simultaneously when processing and when decorating the dish is also more beautiful.
Julienne is how to cut into small sticks. With this method, you will apply it to vegetables such as bell peppers, cucumbers, radishes, zucchini to prepare stir-fry dishes, rolls, or salads. Julienne’s cutting method requires that the material, when finished cutting, must be about 4cm long and 2cm thick.
Shred is a way of cutting long fibers, also known as shavings. Often used to prepare salads. Long fiber cutting requires it to be uniform, not broken into tiny fibers.
Mince is minced, often used to mince garlic, chili, and lemongrass to make ingredients for marinating fish, meat, or sautéing, making dipping sauces.
Here are the ways to sharpen knives. Sharpening a knife seems easy, but it is not a simple job. It would help if you did thorough research on the new sharpening method to give your knives the desired sharpness and durability. Moreover, it would help if you also practiced sharpening knives a lot to have the experience of sharpening knives that are both sharp and durable.