Climbing rock mountains is more popular and more accessible than traditional mountain climbing, both in terms of location and expenses. The exciting and competitive environment, combined with the convenience when you conquer many dangerous mountains in one day, are the factors that attract many young people to this sport. Climbing rock mountains is also necessary for those who want to move from the gym to the natural environment.
Climbing rock mountains involves intense activities over relatively short distances. The main difference in climbing rock mountains is that it has preset points, focusing on the physical and terrain aspects, not on location or altitude. So what are rock climbing essentials that you need to have?
Table of Contents
- Rock Mountain And Traditional Climbing
- Difficulty Scales In Rock Mountain Climbing
- Rock Climbing Essentials
- Terms Used In Rock Climbing
- Safe Rock Climbing Experience
- Some Safety Techniques When Climbing
Rock Mountain And Traditional Climbing
There are some differences between rock climbing and traditional climbing. Climbing rock mountains should be much safer, and it suits those who want to practise this kind of sport for the first time. The feeling of climbing should be the same, although traditional climbing can make you more thrilled and worried.
Less equipment: Because the focus is mainly on the movements, rock mountain climbers need only hook the rope to the available metal dowels, not docking or anchoring separately. Thus, even if you climb freely, you will be able to move forward without carrying a whole set of equipment or finding ways to anchor like traditional climbing.
Popularity : You can climb rock mountains both indoor or outdoor, on cliffs near your house or artificial walls in gyms or competition areas. Players can still enjoy the feeling of climbing without having to know how to place wedges or anchor hooks.
Falling: It is “normal” for you to fall from a rock mountain, especially when you have complex movements. However, as for traditional climbing, you must be extremely careful not to fall and not loosen the set points.
Difficulty Scales In Rock Mountain Climbing
In the US, the Yosemite decimal rating system is often used to classify the difficulty of climbing routes, with the most accessible being 5.0 and the most difficult being 5.75. However, like other forms of climbing, the climbing route of rock mountains is evaluated based on the most challenging position or movement to climb. So if the difficulty is 5.7, it doesn’t mean all the climbs are that hard.
For a more specific division, a letter grading system (a, b, c or d) is used in conjunction with a difficulty rating of 5.10 or higher. For example, a climbing arc-rated 5.10a will be easier than 5.10d. Some other manuals use signs (+) or (-) instead of characters.
Rock Climbing Essentials
Rock climbing essentials must be light, neat, focused on efficiency, convenience, and reduce climbing speed. They include rope, climbing harness, climbing shoes, double leash hook, helmet, chalk bag.
Most climbers use dynamic single ropes that are about 60m in length. However, some modern rock climbing terrains require a 70m rope. If you are not sure how long the rope you need is, ask a shop saler for it.
These cords may or may not be waterproof. Waterproof ropes are usually more expensive because they are easier to use, and are sturdier under the rain or in snowy conditions. However, most sport rock climbers usually come back when it’s uncomfortable outside. If you think the same, it’s enough for you to buy a non-waterproof rope.
Climbing Safety Belt
Safety tactical belts designed for rock climbing are typically light and tapered but have pads to absorb the recoil from repeated falls. In addition, a slim design with fewer rings reduces weight and maximizes portability.
Rock Climbing Sneakers
Because rock climbs are often hard and very rough, rock climbers often wear advanced or specialized sneakers with a pointed toe tip, thin sole, and slightly downhill for the best grip. This shape helps you feel comfortable when you need to stand in a stable position, even in small clinging places. If you’re new, you’ll love the essential sneaker, you should choose ones that make you feel alright in it for long days of climbing. Some rock climbers also love sneakers with rubber collars or straps for easier putting on/off.
Double-Ended Rope Hook
Most rock climbers have to prepare double-ended rope hooks. Usually, a hook will have a straight head, while the other will be curved. The straight is often used to connect into the pinpoints, while the curved need to be onto the rope. You don’t really need a pre-made double-ended hook because you can design your rope hook if you like to have types of different climbing hangers. Just buy the extension cord and what kind of hooks you like.
When climbing rocks outdoors, you should wear a specialized helmet. Climbing helmets are designed to protect the head from accidents like falling from the high rocks. However, in the gym, you don’t need one with some kinds of other supports. Helmets should be comfortable, fit snugly, not too tight or too wide. They have a thick, load-bearing protective shell and an interior that includes padding, headbands, and straps. All climbing helmets must meet the criteria of the International Mountaineering Federation UIAA and the European Standards Commission CE to be able to save your life in all emergencies.
The essential chalk is easy to keep your hands dry when performing dangerous movements with thin spots.
Terms Used In Rock Climbing
If you regularly go to the gym, then you must have heard some terms used. Here are a few concepts to keep in mind:
- On-sight Flash: This concept describes the best (and hardest) way to complete a rock climbing course. It means that you can climb to the top the first time without falling, not hanging from the rope, and knowing nothing about the climb.
- Flash (Conquer): Like On-sight Flash, however, the climber is informed about the climb and climbing instructions.
- Redpoint: This is the successful conquest of a climb after trying to climb many times. However, this time you also have to climb without falling, stopping to rest, or being suspended once.
- Pink point: This concept is quite similar to “Redpoint,” but the double-ended hooks are placed first at the pins. You only have to attach the rope to the slings instead of taking the hook from the harness, hooking the latch, and then hooking the rope. However, some climbers consider the two concepts equivalent.
Safe Rock Climbing Experience
It would help if you studied the terrain to decide the appropriate time to achieve the trip’s ultimate goal. In addition, if you want to go in the rainy season, you should carefully consider the level of safety and personal experience. Therefore, you should plan carefully for long trips. With these roads, you should learn the terrain of the road you go through to have the best preparation for the trip. As for short trips with accessible roads, you can go at a convenient time of the year.
Beautiful weather dramatically affects the enjoyment of the trip, the quality of photos, the health and safety of the journey, so you should learn carefully about the weather during the time you go climbing.
Practice Before You Start Your Journey
Before each trip, you should prepare carefully for your health before you go: eat well, vitamin C, limit alcohol, tobacco, and sleep for 7 hours. The most key thing is that you should not participate in mountain climbing journeys if you have a history of cardiovascular diseases. And if you are in the treatment process, you should carry the medicine for a few days.
You can practice walking, jogging, climbing stairs, swimming, holding your breath for 90 seconds, standing up and sitting down from 400 to 1000 times continuously, practicing standing with one leg, closing your eyes for 90 seconds before climbing. Mountain a week – a month to increase endurance, flexibility for the body.
Luggage And Climbing Essential
Climbing trips are long and tiring journeys with a lot of hard work, so carry-on luggage should be compact with essential items. Clothes should be spacious and keep warm well. Shoes need to be spiked with high friction and grip. It would help if you also used knee and elbow pads and a thick jacket that protects against the cold and avoids injury during the trip.
In addition, other luggage depends on the expected route: whether there is a trail available or must be opened, whether there is someone to carry and guide the way. Knives and flashlights are also indispensable items.
Water And Food
While climbing, you often sweat a lot, your body will need a lot of water too. But you should drink in a big sip and let the water in your mouth slowly let water down your throat. To drink continuously, you should bring the water bottle right under your neck so as not to be thirsty. Drinking water in the right way helps you keep your energy all the time. Besides, the necessary food for the whole journey, it is wiser for you to have high-nutritious food such as chocolate, snicker cake, or some light food that you always carry with you on your side.
- Cane: You should bring a professionally designed stick when climbing, for example, a strong branch to urge your body to go, especially when going down to the land.
- Lighter: Lighters can help you prevent many problems such as getting a cold, getting lost. The most outstanding thing is that it will help you light a fire to save your body in cold weather.
- Watch & Phone: These are two essential items. When going hiking in a foreign country, using your phone is recommended.
- Hats, gloves to keep warm: There are many high mountains when climbing you have to encounter bad weather so you should go with hats and gloves that are waterproof. It’s the best way to keep a hat that covers your face.
Some Notes Before Starting The Climbing Journey
In the mountainous area, mosquitoes, squeezing, and snakes are issues you need to pay attention to. Before you go, go to the drugstore to buy yourself some mosquito repellent. You should wear tight clothes, especially on the right foot, wear shoes, choose clean and clear resting places to avoid forest snakes during the trip.
You should not eat wild fruits or vegetables if you don’t know about them because otherwise, you will most likely encounter poisonous and very dangerous vegetables. Travel in small groups, suitable for dangerous routes. Never forget to put personal safety first, do not make reckless and dangerous decisions for yourself and other delegation members.
Some Safety Techniques When Climbing
When You Climb Up The Mountain
When going uphill, you have to use a lot of strength, so it is easy to get tired, so you need to note the following:
- Choose a good pair of shoes, fit your feet, have high grip, and will help you effectively when climbing.
- Keep breathing even. If breathing fast or panting means you have gone too much, take a break for 5-10 minutes.
- If the slope of the mountain is a bit rough, then with a walking stick, you can go up slowly. Every time you step on a rock, you should test its grip as well as its texture.
- If the slope is too deep or the cliff requires ropes, then send one or two support people who are solid and good climbers, lightly equipped to climb up first, tie the anchor rope to a strong support point.
When You Climb Down The Mountain
Different from climbing up and down the mountain, although less tiring, equally dangerous, moreover, now your legs and feet are tired, after climbing over long slopes. When going downhill, you need to be careful and don’t go too fast because it is easy to stumble and roll down.
- When going downhill, you should bend your knees, keeping the pack stable and balanced on your back, the center of gravity of the pack in front of the kickstand, bearing both feet on the ground. If you go straight, the tactical backpack‘s center of gravity will be behind the base, making it easy to slip.
- If the slope is quite steep, you turn to face the cliff, use both hands to hold on, and climb down. When climbing down, your body always has to bear on three fulcrums, one hand with two legs or one foot with two hands. Use your other hand or foot to find a lower fulcrum. When placing an arm or a leg on a new fulcrum, test it for endurance before putting all your weight on it.
Climbing Down With A Rope
If you encounter a cliff, you should use a rope to slide down, both quickly, safely, and conveniently. Although, there are many ways to slip the rope down the mountain, here are the simplest and easiest ways to do it:
The first way :
You need a strong enough rope without any extra parts. Follow these steps step by step:
- Wrap the rope over a sturdy tree or rock pile as an anchor point, and then tie the ropes together.
- Pass the rope over the groin (front to back)
- Around the left hip (if right-handed, or vice versa)
- Crossed over the right shoulder, around the back
- Please place it in your left armpit and hold the rope with your left hand.
- The right hand (which is the control hand) grabs the rope in front of you for balance. Lean in almost perpendicular to the cliff.
- The left hand (which is the brake) drops each short piece of rope, dropping and strolling down the cliff.
- When everyone is down, pull out one end of the rope to recover the rope.
Second way :
This method requires you to have some necessary tools such as:
- A long and robust coil
- Each person has a short rope about 3 meters, a pair of thick gloves, a carabiner.
Here is about rock climbing essentials and some ways to keep you safe while climbing the rock mountains. If you want to try this type of sport, practice it soon. Follow our web to get more information about it and wish you would become a good climber.