Are you longing for voluminous curls or luscious waves that can transform your hairstyle from ordinary to extraordinary? If so, then perms might be just the solution you’ve been searching for! Short for “permanent waves,” perms have been a beloved hair treatment for decades, offering a way to achieve long-lasting and beautiful curls or waves. With the right technique and professional guidance, you can enjoy a stunning new look that exudes confidence and style.
So, let’s dive into the world of perms and discover how they can help you rock a fabulous and head-turning hairstyle and figure out if perms cause damage to your hair or not.
- Perms are a popular hair treatment that can give you gorgeous, bouncy curls or waves that last for an extended period.
- Perms Ingredients: Thioglycolic Acid, Ammonium Thioglycolate, Neutralizer, Conditioners.
- Perm process: Get a consultation with a skilled hairstylist, shampoo your hair to ensure it’s clean and free from any styling products or oils, come to the wrapping stage, apply the perm solution and give your hair time to undergo the chemical reaction and restructure its bonds, rise your hair thoroughly to remove any remaining perm solution.
- While perms do involve a chemical process that can stress your hair, with proper care, expertise, and adherence to aftercare routines, the risk of significant damage can be reduced. By entrusting your hair to a skilled professional and following their guidance, you can enjoy the beauty and versatility that perms offer without compromising the health of your hair.
- There are some perm ideas: body waves, Multi-textured, Partial, Root, Spot, Stacked, Straight and Twist/Spiral.
- It’s important to consider that individual experiences may vary, and the duration of a perm ‘s lifespan depends on various factors. Hair type, texture, and how well you care for your permed hair all play a role. Following a proper aftercare routine, using suitable products, and avoiding excessive heat styling or harsh chemicals can help extend the lifespan of your perm.
- By understanding the typical timeline for perms and adjusting your expectations accordingly, you can make the most of your permed hairstyle. Embrace the initial vibrancy of the curls or waves and enjoy the evolving beauty as your perm transitions over time.
What Are Perms?
Perms, short for “permanent waves,” are a popular hair treatment that can give you gorgeous, bouncy curls or waves that last for an extended period. They have been around for decades and have evolved to offer various styles, from tight curls to loose waves, allowing you to personalize your look according to your preferences.
The Perm Ingredients
This ingredient is the primary active component in the perm solution. It breaks down the protein structure of your hair, allowing it to be reshaped into the desired curl pattern. Thioglycolic acid is responsible for loosening the existing bonds in your hair, preparing it for the transformation.
Also known as ammonium thioglycolic acid, this ingredient assists in the breaking down and restructuring of the hair bonds during the perming process. It works in conjunction with the thioglycolic acid to create the desired curl or wave shape.
After your hair has been wrapped around the perm rods or curlers and the desired shape has been achieved, the neutralizer comes into play. It helps reform the broken bonds, “freezing” the hair into its newly permed state. The neutralizer is crucial in maintaining the shape and longevity of the curls or waves.
Perming can be a somewhat harsh process for your hair, which is why conditioners are an integral part of the perm ingredients. These conditioners help restore moisture and nourishment to your hair, counteracting any potential dryness or damage caused by the chemicals. They leave your hair feeling soft, smooth, and healthy.
The Perm Process
Your journey begins with a consultation with a skilled hairstylist. During this discussion, you’ll have the opportunity to express your desired outcome and discuss your hair type, texture, and any previous chemical treatments. The stylist will assess the health of your hair and recommend the most suitable perm technique for you.
Once you’re ready to proceed, the hairstylist will start by preparing your hair for the perming process. They may shampoo your hair to ensure it’s clean and free from any styling products or oils. This step sets the foundation for optimal perm results.
Next comes the wrapping stage, where your hair is carefully sectioned and wrapped around perm rods or curlers. The size and type of rods or curlers used will depend on the desired curl or wave pattern. The hairstylist will strategically wrap your hair, taking into consideration your desired outcome and any specific styling requests.
Application of Perm Solution
With your hair neatly wrapped, it’s time for the application of the perm solution. The hairstylist will carefully saturate each rod or curler with the solution, ensuring that it covers the entire length of your hair. The perm solution contains the necessary chemicals, such as thioglycolic acid and ammonium thioglycolate, which break down the hair’s protein structure.
After the perm solution is applied, your hair needs time to undergo the chemical reaction and restructure its bonds. The hairstylist will determine the appropriate processing time based on your hair’s texture and desired outcome. During this time, it’s common to wait comfortably while engaging in light conversation or flipping through a magazine.
Once the processing time is complete, it’s time for the neutralization stage. The hairstylist will rinse your hair thoroughly to remove any remaining perm solution. This is followed by the application of a neutralizer, which helps reform the hair bonds and “sets” the curls or waves in their new shape. The neutralizer is essential for achieving long-lasting results.
After the neutralizer has done its job, your hair will be rinsed once again to remove any residual product. The hairstylist may then gently remove the rods or curlers, allowing your beautiful curls or waves to reveal themselves. Your hair will be carefully styled and dried, showcasing the fabulous results of your perm.
Do Perms Damage Your Hair?
It’s a valid concern, as any chemical treatment has the potential to impact the health and integrity of your hair. However, with proper care and professional expertise, the risk of significant damage can be minimized.
Perms do involve a chemical process that alters the structure of your hair. The perm solution, which contains ingredients like thioglycolic acid and ammonium thioglycolate, breaks down the protein bonds in your hair, allowing it to be reshaped into curls or waves. This process, in itself, can cause some stress to your hair.
However, advancements in perm formulations and techniques have significantly reduced the potential for severe damage. Professional hairstylists are well-trained in assessing your hair’s condition and selecting the appropriate perm products for your specific hair type and texture. They carefully consider factors such as hair health, previous chemical treatments, and desired outcome to minimize the risk of harm.
That being said, it’s essential to acknowledge that the potential for damage exists, especially if proper aftercare is neglected. Overprocessing, leaving the perm solution on for an excessive amount of time, or using harsh chemicals can increase the risk of hair damage. It’s crucial to entrust your hair to a skilled hairstylist who understands the delicate balance between achieving the desired results and maintaining hair health.
After getting a perm, it’s important to follow a diligent aftercare routine. This includes using moisturizing and conditioning products specifically designed for permed hair. Regular deep conditioning treatments can help restore moisture and nourishment to your hair, preventing dryness and brittleness. Avoiding excessive heat styling and harsh chemical treatments can also protect your hair from further damage.
Remember, everyone’s hair is unique, and its response to a perm may vary. Factors such as hair type, texture, and current condition play a role in determining the outcome and potential damage. Consulting with a professional hairstylist who can assess your hair and provide personalized advice is crucial in minimizing the risks associated with perms.
How Long Do Perms Typically Last?
On average, perms can last anywhere from two to six months. However, it’s important to note that the curls or waves may gradually loosen over time. Here’s a breakdown of what you can generally expect:
In the first few weeks following your perm, you’ll likely enjoy the tightest and most defined curls or waves. During this time, your hair will retain the shape created by the perm rods or curlers, and the style will be at its fullest and bounciest.
As the weeks pass, the perm may start to relax slightly, resulting in looser curls or waves. This transition is normal and part of the natural progression of the perm. Regular maintenance and styling can help maintain the desired shape.
Two to Three Months
By the two to three-month mark, you may notice a further loosening of the curls or waves. The perm will continue to gradually lose its intensity, and your hair may return to a more natural state. However, some individuals may still have visible curls or waves, albeit with a softer appearance.
Four to Six Months
Towards the end of the perm’s lifespan, typically around four to six months, the curls or waves may be significantly relaxed or almost completely gone. At this stage, your hair will have grown out, and the regrowth will have a different texture and structure compared to the permed hair.
The Perm Ideas To Embrace Natural Curls
There are some perm ideas to embrace natural curls for you to make references:
If you desire soft, loose waves that add volume and movement to your hair, the body wave perm is an excellent choice. It creates a natural-looking texture that enhances your overall style and gives you that effortlessly glamorous appeal.
For those craving versatility and dimension, the multi-textured perm is a dream come true. This type of perm combines different curl sizes, resulting in a dynamic and visually captivating hairstyle. It adds depth and intrigue to your locks, allowing you to embrace various curly patterns.
Want to add some bounce and liveliness to specific sections of your hair? The partial perm focuses on curling only a portion of your hair, typically the ends or specific layers. It’s a fantastic way to create contrast and interest within your hairstyle, making certain sections pop with curls while leaving the rest straight or wavy.
If you desire volume and lift at the roots, the root perm is your go-to option. It concentrates on curling the hair near the scalp, providing a boost of body and creating a beautiful foundation for any hairstyle. Say goodbye to flat roots and hello to fabulous volume!
Do you have specific areas in your hair that need a little extra love and curl? A spot perm is designed to address those specific sections, giving them the desired shape and texture. Whether you want to enhance your bangs or add definition to a particular area, the spot perm can work wonders.
For those looking to embrace a layered and textured look, the stacked perm is a fantastic choice. It focuses on creating curls or waves primarily in the lower sections of your hair, resulting in a cascading effect that adds dimension and movement to your style. It’s a go-to option for achieving a chic and edgy look.
Contrary to popular belief, perms aren’t just for adding curls. If you have naturally curly hair and wish to achieve a sleek, straight look, the straight perm is here to grant your wishes. It uses a chemical solution to relax and straighten the hair, giving you a smooth and polished finish.
Are you in search of bold and dramatic curls that make a statement? The twist or spiral perm is all about creating tight, corkscrew-like curls that exude energy and playfulness. It adds an element of fun and flair to your hairstyle, letting your personality shine through.
Hair Care For The Perms
After getting a perm, handle your hair with care, especially in the first 48 hours. Avoid excessive brushing, tugging, or tying your hair tightly, as this can disrupt the curl formation and lead to frizz or distortion. Let your hair breathe and settle into its new shape.
Perms can make your hair more susceptible to dryness, so it’s crucial to prioritize moisture. Use hydrating shampoos and conditioners specifically formulated for permed hair. Regularly apply leave-in conditioners or hair oils to maintain moisture balance and prevent dryness.
Avoid Heat Styling
Give your hair a break from excessive heat styling, as it can further dehydrate and damage permed hair. Minimize the use of hot tools like flat irons or curling irons. If you must use heat, always apply a heat protectant spray and use the lowest possible heat setting.
Schedule regular trims to keep your ends healthy and prevent split ends. Trimming helps maintain the shape and integrity of your perm, ensuring it looks fresh and vibrant for longer.
Protect from Chlorine and Saltwater
When swimming, protect your permed hair from the damaging effects of chlorine and saltwater. Wet your hair with clean water before swimming and wear a swim cap to minimize exposure. Afterward, rinse your hair thoroughly with clean water and follow up with a moisturizing conditioner.
Do perms damage your hair?
Perms have the potential to cause damage to your hair, but it largely depends on various factors such as the health of your hair, the expertise of the hairstylist, and the aftercare you provide.
What causes the damage in perms?
The chemicals used in perms, such as thioglycolic acid and ammonium thioglycolate, can strip your hair of its natural moisture, making it more prone to dryness and breakage. Overprocessing or leaving the perm solution on for too long can also contribute to damage.
Can a professional hairstylist minimize the damage from perms?
Absolutely! A skilled and experienced hairstylist can assess the condition of your hair, recommend suitable perm products, and apply proper techniques to minimize the risk of damage. They can also provide guidance on aftercare to help maintain the health of your hair.
What can I do to prevent or minimize damage from a perm?
Proper aftercare is crucial in minimizing damage. Use moisturizing and conditioning products specifically designed for permed hair. Avoid excessive heat styling and harsh chemical treatments. Regularly deep condition your hair and follow the guidance of your hairstylist.
Can I get a perm if my hair is already damaged?
It’s best to consult with a professional hairstylist in such cases. If your hair is already damaged, getting a perm can further weaken it. The hairstylist will assess your hair’s condition and provide personalized advice on whether a perm is suitable or if alternative options should be considered.
Are there any risks associated with perms?
Yes, there are some risks associated with perms. These include hair damage, overprocessing, potential allergic reactions to the chemicals, uneven results, and the need for maintenance as your hair grows out.
Is there a way to enjoy the benefits of a perm without damaging your hair?
Yes! By selecting a skilled hairstylist, discussing your hair’s condition and goals, and following proper aftercare routines, you can minimize the risk of damage. Taking care of your hair, using suitable products, and avoiding excessive styling can help maintain the health of your permed hair.
Can I undo the damage caused by a perm?
While it may not be possible to completely reverse the damage caused by a perm, you can take steps to improve the health of your hair. Regular trims, deep conditioning treatments, and avoiding further chemical treatments or heat styling can help in the recovery process.