The waistline measurement of a person shows more than simply their clothes size. It could also represent a person’s present or future health status.
A wider waistline could be caused by extra weight all around the belly. As a result, the risk of specific medical problems rises.
In this article, let’s discuss how to measure your waistline and the relationship between waist size and wellness. In addition, we will look at the elements that determine waist size and offer advice on how to slim down a bigger waist.
So, What is The Waistline?
The space between your hip bone’s top and your rib cage’s bottom is where your natural waistline is. Based on various elements, such as your frame size, genetics, and lifestyle behaviors, your waistline might be larger or smaller. The diameter of your waist might also provide information about your health.
A wider waistline might indicate that you have excessive belly fat, putting you at a greater risk of obesity-related health problems.
As per a research from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, if you are a male with a waistline of more than 101.6 cm (or 40 inches) or a female with a waistline of more than 88.9 cm (or 35 inches), you are at an elevated risk of having heart disease, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.
How to Take a Waist Measurement?
In general, your waist measurement may select the most suitable pair of pants as well as keep a record of your weight, and it is super simple to measure. As you might know, your waist measures from the top of your hip bone to just down below your ribcage and is widely obtainable with a measuring tape. This part will show you how to easily measure your waist and analyze the results.
Taking your waist measurement
Clothing should be removed or raised. To achieve an exact measurement, make sure the measuring tape is laying on your naked tummy, so eliminate any sets of clothes that are obstructing your midsection. Remove or elevate your shirt down to near your chest. Remove your trousers and bring them down all around your hips if they are in the way.
Locate your midsection. Find the top section of your hips and your rib cage’s bottom with your fingers. The squishy, soft area between these two bony portions is your stomach. It is also the thinnest portion of your body and is frequently placed at or above your navel.
Expert tip: When measuring your midsection, look for the thinnest section of your abdomen, which is frequently higher up than almost all people might believe. It is normally just above your belly button. If you also want to measure your hips, do the opposite—measure where your hips and buttocks are the broadest.
Wrap the tape measure all around your midsection. Stand tall and breathe properly. Circulate the measuring tape all around your back to the front of your abdomen, starting at your belly button. It is best for the measuring tape to be parallel to the ground and snug enough to fit all around your waist without biting into your skin.
Check that the tape measure is flat all the way around and not bent in either way, particularly towards the back.
Examine the tape. Breathe and then measure the tape measurement. Your waist measurement would be taken at the point on the tape in which the zero end reaches the slack end. Depending on the different types of measuring tape used, the number represents your waist measurement in centimeters and/or inches.
Check your measurements again. Repeat the measurement to check that your initial measurement was accurate. If it differs from the first measurement, take the third measurement and average the three numbers.
Check to determine if your reading is normal. A healthy measurement for a male is typically less than 94 mc (or 37 inches), and for a female, less than 80 cm (or 31.5 inches). A measurement greater than the number specified for your gender might expose you to major medical issues such as heart disease and stroke. A larger waist circumference might also put you at risk for cancer and type 2 diabetes.
If your measurement falls beyond the recommended range, you should consult your doctor.
Examine any elements that might limit the utility of your result. In several cases, the waist measurement is not a reliable indicator of health. For instance, if you are pregnant or have phantom pain that causes your belly to seem swollen (full or inflated), your waist measurement might be outside of the acceptable range, even if you are otherwise healthy. Similarly, those of Chinese, South Asian, Japanese, Torres Strait Islander, or Aboriginal ethnicity are predisposed to having a higher waist size.
For further information about your weight, you can check your BMI. If you are still unsure if you are in a healthy weight range after measuring your waist, you should try checking your BMI (also known as Body Mass Index). This measurement considers your height and weight to determine if you really need to reduce weight; even If your BMI results show that you are overweight or even obese, consult your doctor about your alternatives for obtaining and maintaining a healthy weight.
The Size Charts
Women Size Charts
This chart provides size measurements for regular women’s clothing. It includes sizes ranging from XS to XXL. The measurements include bust, waist, and hip sizes, allowing women to find the right fit for their body shape.
|Women’s Size Chart||Size||Bust||Waist||Hip|
|XS||2||33″ – 34″||25 1/2″ – 26 1/2″||36″ – 37″|
|S||4/6||34″ – 36″||26 1/2″ – 28 1/2″||37″ – 39″|
|M||8/10||36″ – 38″||28 1/2″ – 30 1/2″||39″ – 41″|
|L||12/14||38″ – 41″||30 1/2″ – 33 1/2″||41″ – 44″|
|XL||16/18||41″ – 45″||33 1/2″ – 37 1/2″||44″ – 48″|
|XXL||20||45″ – 47″||37 1/2″ – 39 1/2″||48″ – 50″|
Women’s Petite Size Chart
The petite size chart is designed for women who are shorter in height. Petite clothing is tailored to fit shorter torsos and limbs. The sizes in this chart are denoted with a “P” after the number, such as 2P or 4P/6P. The measurements provided include bust, waist, and hip sizes specifically for petite women.
|Women’s Petite Size Chart||Size||Bust||Waist||Hip|
|PXS||2P||32 1/2″ – 33 1/2″||25″ – 26″||35 1/2″ – 36 1/2″|
|PS||4P/6P||33 1/2″ – 35 1/2″||26″ – 28″||36 1/2″ – 38 1/2″|
|PM||8P/10P||35 1/2″ – 37 1/2″||28″ – 30″||38 1/2″ – 40 1/2″|
|PL||12P/14P||37 1/2″ – 40 1/2″||30″ – 33″||40 1/2″ – 43 1/2″|
|PXL||16P/18P||40 1/2″ – 44 1/2″||33″ – 37″||43 1/2″ – 47 1/2″|
|PXXL||20P||44 1/2″ – 46 1/2″||37″ – 39″||47 1/2″ – 49 1/2″|
Women’s Plus Size Chart
Women’s Plus Size Chart caters to women who wear plus-size clothing. Plus-size clothing is designed for individuals with larger body sizes. The sizes in this chart are indicated with an “W” after the number, such as 14W or 20W/22W. The measurements provided include bust, waist, and hip sizes specifically for plus-size women.
|Women’s Plus Size Chart||Size||Bust||Waist||Hip|
|0X||14W||41 1/2″ – 43 1/2″||35 1/2″ – 37 1/2″||44 3/4″ – 46 3/4″|
|1X||16W/18W||43 1/2″ – 47 1/2″||37 1/2″ – 41 1/2″||46 3/4″ – 50 3/4″|
|2X||20W/22W||47 1/2″ – 51 1/2″||41 1/2″ – 45 1/2″||50 3/4″ – 54 3/4″|
|3X||24W/26W||51 1/2″ – 55 1/2″||45 1/2″ – 49 1/2″||54 3/4″ – 58 3/4″|
|4X||28W/30W||55 1/2″ – 59 1/2″||49 1/2″ – 53 1/2″||58 3/4″ – 62 3/4″|
Ideal waist circumference
A healthy midsection size for males is 37 inches or fewer, based on the Heart Foundation.
Women must be 31.5 inches or shorter.
If a person’s waist size is larger, their health might be jeopardized.
How to Measure a Kid’s Waist
Simply measuring the waist of a kid is a little more challenging than measuring the waist of an adult because you may have to adjust to the kid’s motions. Follow these steps as closely as possible to obtain measurements from the correct regions.
- To calculate your kid’s waist, have him, or her stand straight with their feet close together and their hands raised.
- Pull your kid’s shirt up and place the measuring tape at the narrowest region of his or her torso.
- Wrap the tape measure all around the natural waist just above the navel until it crosses the starting side of the measuring tape on the front side of his or her body.
- Measure everything in inches.
How to Take Waist Measurements for Dresses, Suits, and Pants
Your midsection measurement is determined by the style of trousers, pants, blazer, jeans, or dress you select. In addition, it can depend on whether you want your items to fit loosely or snugly. If you want a snug fit, calculate on the dot; otherwise, let an inch. The waist measurements for basic jeans/pants, dresses, and suits are provided here.
Waist Measurement for Pants
Pants in the United States have two basic sizing standards, including US standard letter sizing and American W/L sizing. In American jeans sizes, the W represents the waist size, and the L represents the inseam length. The W is always placed before the L.
Tags ranging from XS to 4XL are used in the US Standard Letter size, which could be noticed in sportswear and other elastic jeans.
Calculate your midsection and hips to determine the correct size of your jeans. Currently, measure your hips and midsection to determine the correct size of trousers for you. Presently, the required measurement is determined by the style of the jeans. The waist measurement is necessary for high waist or high rise pants. However, the hip measurement is normally required for low-rise jeans or jeans that sit lower on your hips. In addition, your waist size is more crucial for mid-waist jeans.
How to Measure a Suit Waist
First and foremost, put on your dress shoes while calculating the midsection and inseam to get the correct measurements you need to contemplate for a guy’s suit pants.
The hip diameter is normally far more crucial to calculate in pants for a suit. However, based on the different styles, acquiring the midsection size is usually still recommended.
Simply use the fundamental tape measure reading for males to obtain the measurement. Grab one end of the measuring tape and wrap the other all over your midsection, just above the hip bone, and then back to the initial position for exact waist measurement.
Depending on whether you prefer a snug or loose fit, you can add 1 to 2 inches to the midsection.
How to Measure a Dress Waist
Three important body sections must be assessed for sizing for dresses: hips, waist, and bust. All of them must be calculated in inches.
To determine the correct size, choose the biggest of the three dimensions as your dress size. If you want the dress to be a more comfortable, customized fit, just have the other portions altered to fit the rest of your body.
Stand straight in front of a mirror and flex to one side at the midsection to calculate your waistline for dresses. When you bend to the side, a wrinkle will appear, and this is where you will calculate your natural waistline.
Other important metrics to consider
Although the midriff is an important indicator of an individual’s overall health threat, the waist-to-height ratio (also known as WHtR) and body mass index (BMI) should really be considered (BMI).
The WHtR of an individual evaluates the concentration of body fat.
According to a 2018 observational research, waist measurement and WHtR may be great markers of high blood pressure (hypertension) hazard.
Another research published in 2016 showed that utilizing a WHtR boundary level of 0.5, or 50%, WHtR is much more efficient than BMI and waist measurement in identifying persons at “early health risk” of core obesity-related disorders.
If an individual’s WHtR is greater than 50%, they are more likely to suffer central obesity-related disease.
Measure your height and waist circumference in inches to determine WHtR. Next, multiply your height by your waist circumference by 100.
Overweight and obese people are at a higher risk of contracting conditions like type 2 diabetes and heart disease. As per a study from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NHLBI, individuals of medium weight are also much more inclined to produce these constraints if they have a larger waist circumference.
BMI (which stands for Body Mass Index) is another helpful measurement for body weight and health.
To determine BMI, simply weigh yourself in kilograms and then square your height in meters (please note that it should be your height in meters times on its own). And after that, using these figures, divide your weight by square height. BMI can be easily calculated using an online calculator.
According to the NHLBI, the BMI ranges for almost all adults aged 18–65 are just like that:
- less than 18.5: underweight
- 18.5–24.9: normal or healthy
- 18.5–24.9: normal or healthy
- 30 or higher — obese
Actually, BMI doesn’t really make a distinction between mass conducted as muscle or fat, nor does it differentiate between fat deposits on the body. As a result, in certain cases, it might not provide a precise evaluation of an individual’s health.
Athletes, for instance, might have a high BMI but not be at an increased risk of certain medical problems. Because of their lower muscle mass, older adults might have a lower BMI, but they are at an increased risk of heart disease as well as other diseases.
The connection between waist and health
A bigger midsection suggests that an individual has an abundance of belly fat. Visceral fat in the abdomen differs from fat on the thighs because visceral fat is stored within your abdominal cavity.
As visceral fat cells degrade, they start releasing free fatty acids as well as other substances into the portal vein system. The portal vein is basically responsible for transporting blood from the intestines to the liver.
These substances lead to toxicity in the pancreatic, reducing its power to create the hormone insulin. And insulin is required for cells in the body to absorb glucose.
In addition, this toxicity even contributes to insulin resistance, a condition in which the cells of the body do not react appropriately to insulin. Both of these aspects lead to an increase in the level of blood sugar in your body.
Surplus visceral fat contributes to inflammation in your body.
Factors that influence waist size
An individual’s waist size is influenced by a variety of factors. These are some examples:
A meta analysis in 2019 found that genes influence body fat distribution, specifically the waist-to-hip proportion. As a result, some people are much more likely to store fat all over their center than on their thighs.
The genetic factor might help clarify why several families are “pear-shaped” while others are “apple-shaped.”
While people might not be able to modify their basic body shape, they can decrease the amount of fat stored around their waist.
Ethnicity and gender
According to Harvard Health, people in Mediterranean nations have less visceral abdominal fat. Hispanics, Pima Indians, Native Americans, and people from South Asia and India, on the other hand, are much more likely to have abdominal belly obesity.
White females and black males might also have less visceral belly fat than black females and white males.
Levels of activity
Individuals who are physically inactive have much more belly fat than those who are more energetic or active during the day.
According to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), playing video games or watching TV are associated with greater belly fat and obesity in both females and males.
Consumption of food
Sugary drinks and foods, for example, might increase the risk of belly fat and obesity. These might include:
- packaged foods
- trans-fatty acids
Overeating calories, no matter what kind of food, can lead to weight gain. This added weight will pile up on the belly of those who are apple-shaped.
Furthermore, a lower-fiber or low-protein diet might have an impact on a person’s waistline.
Other elements that contribute to enhanced abdominal fat include:
- Hormonal imbalances, for instance, menopause
- A sleep deprivation
- A disparity in gut bacteria
Tips for Slimming Your Waist
Even though the particular fat reduction is not feasible, any weight loss in individuals who bring extra fat can help. According to the NHLBI, losing just 5–10% of your body weight can also alleviate health risks in people who are overweight or obese.
Some weight loss and waist reduction tips include:
- attempting to complete at least 150 minutes of medium physical activity per week (or practice vigorous activity for around 15 minutes)
- Strength training at least twice a week.
- consuming a well-balanced diet rich in vegetables and fruits, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats
- avoiding sugary, processed, and refined flour-based foods
- limiting or avoiding alcohol consumption
- exercising portion control
- consuming enough water to keep hydrated
- attempting to get 7–9 hours of great-quality sleep per night using stress-reduction techniques such as yoga and meditation
People who have a heart condition, type 2 diabetes, or another medical problem should consult a physician or a dietitian, who can then give advice on the best diet and physical activities to decrease stomach fat.
Surplus belly fat raises the risk of some health problems, including diabetes and heart disease. People should work to reach or keep a healthy waist measurement and WHtR to decrease or eliminate the risk.
Whereas midsection measured values and BMI might provide some insight into an individual’s health and risk of medical conditions, they do not provide the entire picture. Personal risk and management techniques must be discussed with a doctor.